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Rhombohedral magnetostriction in dilute iron (Co) alloys
Journal of Applied Physics
  • Nicholas J. Jones, Naval Surface Warfare Center
  • Gabriela Petculescu, University of Louisiana at Lafayette
  • Marilyn Wun-Fogle, Naval Surface Warfare Center
  • James B. Restorff, Naval Surface Warefare Center
  • Arthur E. Clark, Clark Associates
  • Kristi B. Hathaway, Spectrum Technology Group, Inc.
  • Deborah L. Schlagel, Ames Laboratory
  • Thomas A. Lograsso, Iowa State University
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Iron is a well-utilized material in structural and magnetic applications. This does not mean, however, that it is well understood, especially in the field of magnetostriction. In particular, the rhombohedral magnetostriction of iron, λ111 , is anomalous in two respects: it is negative in sign, in disagreement with the prediction of first principles theory, and its magnitude decreases with increasing temperature much too rapidly to be explained by a power law dependence on magnetization. These behaviors could arise from the location of the Fermi level, which leaves a small region of the majority 3d t2g states unfilled, possibly favoring small internal displacements that split these states. If this view is correct, adding small amounts of Co to Fe fills some of these states, and the value of λ111 should increase toward a positive value, as predicted for perfect bcc Fe. We have measured the magnetostriction coefficients (λ111 and λ100) of pure Fe, Fe97Co3, and Fe94Co6 single crystals from 77 K to 450 K. Resonant ultrasound spectroscopy has been used to check for anomalies in the associated elastic constants, c 44 and c′. The additional electrons provided by the cobalt atoms indeed produced positive contributions to bothmagnetostriction constants, λ111 and λ100, exhibiting an increase of 2.8 × 10−6 per at. % Co for λ111 and 3.8 × 10−6 per at. % Co for λ100.

The following article appeared in J. Appl. Phys. 117, 17A913 (2015) and may be found at

Copyright 2015 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.
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Nicholas J. Jones, Gabriela Petculescu, Marilyn Wun-Fogle, James B. Restorff, et al.. "Rhombohedral magnetostriction in dilute iron (Co) alloys" Journal of Applied Physics Vol. 117 Iss. 17 (2015) p. 17A913
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