Growth experiments have been carried out to characterize the occurrence and development of porosity in Bridgman and flux grown Al-Pd-Mn icosahedral quasicrystals. The porosity level has been observed to fluctuate between values of 0.0 and 3.75 percent along the length of Bridgman single crystals implying that the development of porosity is affected by the local growth conditions. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the influence of the rate of solidification on the occurrence of porosity. Alloys were solidified with different growth rates, 1mm/hr and >10 mm/hr, using the Bridgman configuration and at different cooling rates, ranging from 0.29°C/hr to 10°C/hr, using the flux growth method. Porosity levels were analyzed via optical image analysis. These experiments indicate that porosity percentages are greatly influenced by cooling rates and crystal size.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/thomas_lograsso/190/