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A transgenic system for generation of transposon Ac/Ds-induced chromosome rearrangements in rice
Theoretical and Applied Genetics
  • Chuanhe Yu, Iowa State University
  • Fangpu Han, University of Missouri
  • Jianbo Zhang, Iowa State University
  • James Birchler, University of Missouri
  • Thomas Peterson, Iowa State University
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The maize Activator (Ac)/Dissociation (Ds) transposable element system has been used in a variety of plants for insertional mutagenesis. Ac/Ds elements can also generate genome rearrangements via alternative transposition reactions which involve the termini of closely linked transposons. Here, we introduced a transgene containing reverse-oriented Ac/Ds termini together with an Ac transposase gene into rice (Oryza sativa ssp. japonica cv. Nipponbare). Among the transgenic progeny, we identified and characterized 25 independent genome rearrangements at three different chromosomal loci. The rearrangements include chromosomal deletions and inversions and one translocation. Most of the deletions occurred within the T-DNA region, but two cases showed the loss of 72 kilobase pairs (kb) and 79 kb of rice genomic DNA flanking the transgene. In addition to deletions, we obtained chromosomal inversions ranging in size from less than 10 kb (within the transgene DNA) to over 1 million base pairs (Mb). For 11 inversions, we cloned and sequenced both inversion breakpoints; in all 11 cases, the inversion junctions contained the typical 8 base pairs (bp) Ac/Ds target site duplications, confirming their origin as transposition products. Together, our results indicate that alternative Ac/Ds transposition can be an efficient tool for functional genomics and chromosomal manipulation in rice.

This article is from Theoretical and Applied Genetics 125 (2012): 1449, doi: 10.1007/s00122-012-1925-4. Posted with permission.

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.
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Chuanhe Yu, Fangpu Han, Jianbo Zhang, James Birchler, et al.. "A transgenic system for generation of transposon Ac/Ds-induced chromosome rearrangements in rice" Theoretical and Applied Genetics Vol. 125 Iss. 7 (2012) p. 1449 - 1462
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