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A Springtime Source of Toxic Pseudo-nitzschia Cells on Razor Clam Beaches in the Pacific Northwest
Harmful Algae (2013)
  • Barbara M. Hickey, University of Washington
  • Vera L. Trainer, NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center
  • P. Michael Kosro, Oregon State University
  • Nicolaus G. Adams, NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center
  • Thomas P. Connolly, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
  • Nancy B. Kachel, University of Washington
  • Susan L. Geier, University of Washington
Abstract
Concentrations of domoic acid (DA) above the regulatory limit in Washington coast razor clams are usually higher on northern beaches from summer to fall. Recent field studies have confirmed that the primary source of toxic Pseudo-nitzschia (PN) cells in those seasons is a semi-retentive topographically trapped seasonal eddy located offshore and north of the clamming beaches. Another semi-retentive coastal feature, Heceta Bank, that has been shown to support toxic PN cells in summer, is located south of Washington’s clamming beaches. In this paper we present evidence to demonstrate that Heceta Bank, although not a likely source of toxic cells to Washington in summer due to the prevailing southward seasonal currents, may be a source of cells in springtime before the southward currents develop. In contrast to summer and fall seasons, concentrations of DA in razor clams are typically higher at southern beaches in spring. The likelihood of a southern source is explored using biological and transport data surrounding a period of toxic razor clams in April 2005. In particular, satellite-derived chlorophyll data confirm that a bloom occurred over Heceta Bank in March of that year, just prior to a period of strong storm-driven northward transport. PN cells of the same species observed in the April bloom on Washington beaches and in offshore waters were documented in Oregon offshore waters on the northern edge of Heceta Bank. That species, P. australis, has been shown to be highly toxic in this region; shore-based data show that razor clams on Oregon beaches were also toxic at the time when P. australis was observed offshore. Both measured and modeled currents show that transport was more than sufficient to move cells from the vicinity of Heceta Bank, Oregon to southern Washington beaches by the time the toxic cells were observed on those beaches. The rapid transport was due in part to the presence of the buoyant plume from the Columbia River, a common feature in winter and spring in nearshore waters of the U.S. Pacific Northwest.
Keywords
  • Coastal currents,
  • Domoic acid,
  • HAB,
  • Heceta Bank,
  • Juan de Fuca eddy,
  • Pseudo-nitzschia
Disciplines
Publication Date
May, 2013
DOI
10.1016/j.hal.2013.01.006
Publisher Statement
This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article whose final and definitive form, the Version of Record, has been published in Harmful Algae, 2013. Find the published version of this article at this link.

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Citation Information
Barbara M. Hickey, Vera L. Trainer, P. Michael Kosro, Nicolaus G. Adams, et al.. "A Springtime Source of Toxic Pseudo-nitzschia Cells on Razor Clam Beaches in the Pacific Northwest" Harmful Algae Vol. 25 (2013) p. 1 - 14 ISSN: 1568-9883
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/thomas-connolly/6/
Creative Commons license
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons CC_BY-NC-ND International License.