Skip to main content
Diagnosis and management of ventricular dysphonia
Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
  • C. P. Von Hake
  • I. Ganzman
  • Theodore P. Mauer, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Document Type
Publication Date
The definition, etiologies, diagnosis, and therapeutic considerations for ventricular dysphonia have been presented. Three cases with different etiologic factors have been described. The speech examination must be supplemented by indirect or direct laryngoscopy, and the flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscope has facilitated greatly the examination of the patient with any form of dysphonia. The rationale for vocal rehabilitation is discussed. Therapeutic recommendations must be considered on an individual basis.

This article was published in Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, Volume 89, Issue 2, Pages 181-183.

The published version is available at

Copyright © 1989.

Citation Information
C. P. Von Hake, I. Ganzman and Theodore P. Mauer. "Diagnosis and management of ventricular dysphonia" Journal of the American Osteopathic Association Vol. 89 Iss. 2 (1989) p. 181 - 183
Available at: