The aim of this study was to evaluate a multivariate statistical model, utilising Partial Least Squares (PLS) analysis, for the prediction of the acute toxicity of aliphatic chemicals to the ciliate Tetrahymena pyriformis. A model was developed that was capable of making a prediction regardless the mechanism of toxic action. The toxicity of 476 compounds, possessing different mechanisms of toxic action was considered. A set of 74 descriptors, including the octanol-water partition coefficient, molecular-orbital descriptors, geometrical, topological and connectivity indices, was generated. A three-component, eight-descriptor PLS model was developed. It was validated by a Y-permutation test and by simulation of external prediction for complementary subsets. A comparison with existing class or mechanism-based models, derived on the same data set, was made.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/terry_schultz/41/