We develop a simple two-sector dynamic model to show how pollution can provide a motive for trade by spatially separating incompatible industries. We assume that the production of "Smokestack" manufactures generates pollution, which lowers the productivity of an environmentally sensitive sector (Farming). Two identical, unregulated countries will gain from trade if the share of world income spent on the dirty good is high. In contrast, when the share of world income spend on the dirty good is low, trade can usher in a negatively reinforcing process of environmental degradation and real income loss for the exporter of Smokestack goods.
- Two-sector dynamic model,
- Production externality
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/taylor/27/