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Women’s experiences of breastfeeding-related pain
The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing (2019)
  • Tara Mantler, Western University
  • Kimberley T Jackson, Western University
  • Sheila O'Keefe-McCarthy, RN BScN MN PhD
Breastfeeding-related pain is commonly experienced early in the postpartum period and is an important contributor to breastfeeding cessation, yet little is known about what this pain means to women and how it is experienced. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the phenomenon of breastfeeding-related pain, how women experience this pain, and the meaning it holds for them.
Study Design and Methods: 
Interpretive descriptive methods and inductive content analysis were used. Women were recruited using purposive sampling with a snowball approach. Data were collected via one-to-one interviews using a semistructured interview guide with postpartum women having experienced breastfeeding-related pain in the past 2 months.
Fourteen postpartum women who met inclusion criteria were interviewed. They were predominantly Caucasian, well educated, and had greater than average Canadian annual household incomes. The dominant emerging discourse revealed three key themes: (a) interplay between breastfeeding pain and context, (b) action enablers and/or barriers, and (c) breastfeeding outcomes.
Clinical Implications: 
Breastfeeding-related pain is an unpleasant sensory and affective experience for women during the postpartum period. Availability and accessibility of breastfeeding supports are essential to enable women to achieve their breastfeeding goals. Providing anticipatory guidance may help women to cope more effectively with their breastfeeding-related pain.
  • Pain,
  • Breastfeeding,
  • Women,
  • Children
Publication Date
Spring March, 2019
Citation Information
Tara Mantler, Kimberley T Jackson and Sheila O'Keefe-McCarthy. "Women’s experiences of breastfeeding-related pain" The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing Vol. 44 Iss. 2 (2019) p. 66 - 72
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