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A twenty-first century assessment of values across the global workforce
Journal of Business Ethics
  • David A. RALSTON, University of Oklahoma, USA
  • Carolyn P. EGRI, Simon Fraser University, Canada
  • Emmanuelle REYNAUD, IAE d’Aix-en-Provence, Aix en Provence Cedex 2, France
  • Narasimhan SRINIVASAN, University of Connecticut, USA
  • Olivier FURRER, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • David BROCK, Ben-Gurion University, Israel
  • Ruth ALAS, Estonia Business School, Estonia
  • Florian WANGENHEIM, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Germany
  • Fidel León DARDER, University of Valencia, Spain
  • Christine KUO, Yuan-Ze University, Taiwan
  • Vojko POTOCAN, University of Maribor, Slovenia
  • Audra I. MOCKAITIS, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
  • Erna SZABO, Johannes Kepler Universität, Austria
  • Jaime Ruiz GUTIÉRREZ, Universidad de los Andes, Colombia
  • Andre PEKERTI, University of Auckland, New Zealand
  • Arif BUTT, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Pakistan
  • Ian PALMER, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
  • Irina NAOUMOVA, University of Hartford, United States
  • Tomasz LENARTOWICZ, Florida Atlantic University, United States
  • Arunas STARKUS, CIBER-Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Vu Thanh HUNG, National Economics University, Vietnam
  • Tevfik DALGIC, University of Dallas, United States
  • Mario MOLTENI, Catholic University of Milan, Italy
  • María Teresa de la Garza CARRANZA, Instituto Tecnolo´gico de Celaya, Mexico
  • Isabelle MAIGNAN, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Francisco B. CASTRO, CEMPRE-Universidade do Porto, Portugal
  • Yonglin MOON, Seoul National University, South Korea
  • Jane TERPSTRA-TONG, Monash University, Malaysia
  • Marina DABIC, University of Zagreb, Croatia
  • Yongjuan LI, Chinese Academy of Science, China
  • Wade DANIS
  • Mahfooz ANSARI
  • Liesl RIDDLE
  • Laurie MILTON
  • Philip HALLINGER
  • Detelin ELENKOV
  • Ilya GIRSON
  • Modesta GEIBUDA
  • Tania CASADO
  • Ana Maria ROSSI
  • Malika RICHARDS
  • Cheryl Van DEUSEN
  • Ping-Ping FU
  • Man Kei, Paulina WAN, Lingnan University, Hong Kong
  • Mo Lin, Moureen TANG, Lingnan University, Hong Kong
  • Chay-Hoon LEE
  • Ho-Beng CHIA
  • Yongquin FAN
  • Alan WALLACE
Document Type
Journal article
Publication Date
Springer Netherlands
  • Cultural values,
  • International management,
  • Schwartz Values Survey

This article provides current Schwartz Values Survey (SVS) data from samples of business managers and professionals across 50 societies that are culturally and socioeconomically diverse. We report the society scores for SVS values dimensions for both individual- and societal-level analyses. At the individual-level, we report on the ten circumplex values sub-dimensions and two sets of values dimensions (collectivism and individualism; openness to change, conservation, self-enhancement, and self-transcendence). At the societal-level, we report on the values dimensions of embeddedness, hierarchy, mastery, affective autonomy, intellectual autonomy, egalitarianism, and harmony. For each society, we report the Cronbach’s α statistics for each values dimension scale to assess their internal consistency (reliability) as well as report interrater agreement (IRA) analyses to assess the acceptability of using aggregated individual level values scores to represent country values. We also examined whether societal development level is related to systematic variation in the measurement and importance of values. Thus, the contributions of our evaluation of the SVS values dimensions are two-fold. First, we identify the SVS dimensions that have cross-culturally internally reliable structures and within-society agreement for business professionals. Second, we report the society cultural values scores developed from the twenty-first century data that can be used as macro-level predictors in multilevel and single-level international business research.

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Copyright © The Author(s) 2011

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Citation Information
Ralston, D. A., Egri, C. P., Reynaud, E., Srinivasan, N., Furrer, O., Brock, D, …Wallace, A. (2011). A twenty-first century assessment of values across the global workforce. Journal of Business Ethics, 104(1), 1-31. doi: 10.1007/s10551-011-0835-8