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Article
Surface Characterization of Retrieved NiTi Orthodontic Archwires
The European Journal of Orthodontics
  • Theodore Eliades, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
  • George Eliades, University of Athens
  • A. E. Athanasiou, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
  • T. Gerard Bradley, Marquette University
Document Type
Article
Language
eng
Format of Original
10 p.
Publication Date
1-1-2000
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Disciplines
Abstract
The structure and morphological condition of retrieved NiTi orthodontic archwires was evaluated and any possible alterations in the surface composition of the alloy following 1-6 months in vivo were characterized. NiTi wires (GAC, German Orthodontics, ORMCO) of various cross-sections were collected through a retrieval protocol and were subjected to multi-technique characterization. Optical microscopy revealed islands of amorphous precipitants and accumulated microcrystalline particles. Micro MIR-FTIR investigation of the retrieved samples demonstrated the presence of a proteinaceous biofilm, the organic constituents of which were mainly amide, alcohol, and carbonate. Scanning electron microscope and X-ray micro-analysis showed that the elemental species precipitated on the material surface were Na, K, Cl, Ca, and P, forming NaCl, KCl, and Ca-P precipitates. Increased intra-oral exposure was consistently associated with the presence of a mature film, while evidence of alloy delamination, pitting, and crevice corrosion, as well as a notable reduction in the alloy grain size was observed. Intra-oral exposure of NiTi wires alters the topography and structure of the alloy surface through surface attack in the form of pitting or crevice corrosion or formation of integuments. Further in vivo research is required to resolve the implications of the described ageing pattern in the corrosion resistance of the alloy, the potential for nickel leaching, as well as bracket-archwire friction variants.
Comments

The European Journal of Orthodontics, Vol. 22, No. 3 (2000): 317-326. DOI.

Citation Information
Theodore Eliades, George Eliades, A. E. Athanasiou and T. Gerard Bradley. "Surface Characterization of Retrieved NiTi Orthodontic Archwires" The European Journal of Orthodontics (2000) ISSN: 0141-5387
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/t_bradley/8/