Learning Objective: As a result of this presentation, attendees will learn skills that they can use to implement collaborative graduate medical education learning experiences using a community of multi-disciplinary professionals within their own institutions.
Background: Inter-professional Chart Rounds were implemented to provide residents an opportunity to review and present patient cases utilizing “COMPLETE” guidelines developed by residency leadership as the result of a “Regional Medicine – Public Health Education Centers” grant. COMPLETE guidelines explicitly direct residents to include consideration of:
- Context – Culture of context – who is the patient?
- Outside Visitors/Resources – incorporate visitors/experts such as librarians, pharmacists and psychologists and utilize their resources
- Mental Health – assess behavioral health aspects of the case
- Population Perspective – address prevalence of the condition in the community
- Learn From Others – consider specialists, home care, and complementary therapies
- Expectations – clear goals set between physician and patient
- Time – Start on time, end on time. Respect everyone’s time.
- End with “Culture of Continuity” – what are the key lessons? Is there a follow-up plan?
Through the attendance of librarians, psychologists, pharmacologists, medical students and other faculty, discussion ensues which leads to continued resident education and support.
Methods: Chart Rounds are held daily at each residency practice site. Residents are required to attend along with medical and pharmacy students rotating at the centers. The preceptor leads Chart Rounds and other faculty physicians join as they are able. Residents present cases while maintaining patient confidentiality. The preceptor leads the group discussion of the case. Faculty members discuss clinical and administrative implications, the psychologist addresses potential behavioral aspects of the case, the librarian searches for Evidence-Based information to support decisions and the pharmacologist advises on medication management. The group also discusses how individual patient care reflects the public health needs and profile of the community. Residents (n=32) were invited to complete a survey asking them to evaluate their experience with multi-disciplinary COMPLETE Chart Rounds.
Results: Survey results as well as observational analysis will be used to improve the resident’s experience at Chart Rounds with the goal of making this experience an even more rewarding collaborative educational experience. Some sample findings include:
- 66% of residents report satisfaction of Chart Rounds challenging the academic aspects of their work
- 100% of residents in the early portion of their program report that Chart Rounds assists them in building collaborative relationships with faculty and other providers/experts
- Residents report the greatest satisfaction (92% overall) with pharmacist participation in Chart Rounds across all Post Graduate Years
- Satisfaction with librarian participation increases through each year (from only 10% in PGY1 to over 60% in PGY3) , possibly due to limited exposure early in the program
Although these guidelines were developed for use in a Family Medicine Graduate Medical Education program and fit well into this practice model, the findings can be utilized in other resident training programs.
Presented at the "Patients and Populations: Public Health in Medical Education" conference sponsored by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), held September 14-15, 2010, in Cleveland, OH.
- Family Practice,
- Graduate Medical Education,
- Interprofessional Relations
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/suzanne_cashman/42/