Skip to main content
Article
Latino Reference Resources
Choice
  • Susan A. Vega Garcia, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
11-1-2002
Abstract

The Hispanic and Latino presence in the US predates the existence of the US itself. Spanish exploration and colonization of North, Central, and South America in the sixteenth century began with the establishment of colonies in Puerto Rico in 1509. Florida, Texas, California, and the Southwest were regions of intense Spanish and (in Texas and further west) Mexican exploration, colonization, and cultivation throughout the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. As recently as 160 years ago, Texas was still part of Mexico; California and the entire Southwest comprised northernmost Mexico until 1848, when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended hostilities in the Mexican American war. In that war, Mexico lost nearly half its territory, and that treaty guaranteed both US citizenship and retention of property rights to Mexicans living in the territory ceded to the US. As it worked out, however, many Mexican American landowners were dispossessed of their lands soon after the war and had to face other forms of discrimination. A generation later, the Mexican revolution (1910- 21) prompted emigration to the US, a flow that continues to the present day.

Comments

This article is from Choice, 40, no. 3 (November 2002), 399-412.

Copyright Owner
American Library Association
Language
en
Date Available
May 7, 2013
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Susan A. Vega Garcia. "Latino Reference Resources" Choice Vol. 40 Iss. 3 (2002) p. 399 - 412
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/susan_vegagarcia/14/