Very low density apolipoprotein-II (apoVLDL-II) is a major constituent of very low density lipoprotein and is involved in lipid transportation in chickens. The current study was designed to investigate the associations of an apoVLDL-II gene polymorphism on chicken growth and body composition traits. The Iowa Growth and Composition Resource Population was established by crossing broiler sires with dams from 2 unrelated highly inbred lines (Leghorn and Fayoumi). The F1 birds were intercrossed, within dam line, to produce 2 related F2 populations. Body weight and body composition traits were measured in the F2 population. Primers for the 5'-flanking region in apoVLDL-II were designed from database chicken genomic sequence. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) between parental lines were detected by DNA sequencing, and PCR-RFLP methods were then developed to genotype SNP in the F2 population. There was no polymorphism in the 492 bp sequenced between broiler and Leghorn. The apoVLDL-II polymorphism between broiler and Fayoumi was associated with multiple traits of growth and body composition in the 148 male F2 individuals, including BW, breast muscle weight, drumstick weight, and tibia length. This research suggests that apoVLDL-II or a tightly linked gene has broad effects on growth and development in the chicken.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/susan_lamont/72/