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Article
An Ecological Model of Workplace Bullying: A Guide for Intervention and Research
Nursing Forum
  • Susan L Johnson, University of Washington - Tacoma Campus
Publication Date
4-1-2011
Document Type
Article
Abstract
The origins and outcomes of workplace bullying can be understood through the use of a conceptual model which is based on the ecological perspective. This model portrays the work environment as a series of nested, interconnected layers that exist within society as a whole. These layers are society (macrosystem), the corporation (exosystem), the co-workers and managers of the bully and target (mesosystem), and the bully and target (microsystem). Workplace bullying does not occur in isolation. Elements at each of these levels serve as antecedents to bullying, and the outcomes of bullying are manifested at each of these levels. These antecedents and outcomes need to be considered when developing interventions that target workplace bullying. The model can be used as a theoretical framework to guide intervention planning and evaluation, and can also be used to guide the formulation of questions for empirical research.
DOI
10.1111/j.1744-6198.2011.00213.x
Version
pre-print, post-print with 12 month embargo, no publisher's pdf
Citation Information
Susan L Johnson. "An Ecological Model of Workplace Bullying: A Guide for Intervention and Research" Nursing Forum Vol. 46 Iss. 2 (2011) p. 55 - 63
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/susan_johnson/5/