Attachment-focused integrative reminiscence with older African Americans: a randomized controlled intervention studyAging & Mental Health (2015)
Objectives: Prior integrative reminiscence interventions have had a limited focus on attachment themes. The attachment-focused integrative reminiscence (AFIR) intervention differs from these in its central emphasis on attachment themes. The wide range of health benefits resulting from integrative reminiscence may be due in part to reminiscing about, mourning, and integrating unresolved attachment experiences.
Method: Participants were randomized into treatment and wait-list control conditions, completed a pre-test, met for eight consecutive weekly two-hour sessions of largely attachment-focused reminiscence, then completed post-tests immediately following the intervention and again six months later.
Results: Results show treatment effects for depression (p = .01 and .05 at eight weeks and six months), perceived stress (p = .01 and .04), and emergency room (ER) visits at six months (p = .04), with the intervention group showing lower depression and stress and fewer ER visits.
Conclusion: Integrative reminiscence interventions are cost effective, have rapid impact, and carry a certain appeal to older adults. Augmenting such interventions with a focus on attachment experiences may reduce perceived stress, an important health risk factor. Wider application of AFIRs may further reduce health disparities among US older adults.
- health disparities,
- integrative reminiscence,
- perceived stress,
- African American older adults
Publication DateMarch 26, 2015
Citation InformationSabir, M., Henderson, C., Kang, S. Y., & Pillemer, K. (2016). Attachment-focused integrative reminiscence with older African-Americans: A randomized controlled intervention study. Aging and Mental Health, 20(5), 517-528. doi:10.1080/13607863.2015.1023764