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Attachment-focused integrative reminiscence with older African Americans: a randomized controlled intervention study
Aging & Mental Health (2015)
  • Suk-Young Kang, Binghamton University--SUNY
  • Myra Sabir, Binghamton University--SUNY
Objectives: Prior integrative reminiscence interventions have had a limited focus on attachment themes. The attachment-focused integrative reminiscence (AFIR) intervention differs from these in its central emphasis on attachment themes. The wide range of health benefits resulting from integrative reminiscence may be due in part to reminiscing about, mourning, and integrating unresolved attachment experiences.
Method: Participants were randomized into treatment and wait-list control conditions, completed a pre-test, met for eight consecutive weekly two-hour sessions of largely attachment-focused reminiscence, then completed post-tests immediately following the intervention and again six months later.
Results: Results show treatment effects for depression (p = .01 and .05 at eight weeks and six months), perceived stress (p = .01 and .04), and emergency room (ER) visits at six months (p = .04), with the intervention group showing lower depression and stress and fewer ER visits.
Conclusion: Integrative reminiscence interventions are cost effective, have rapid impact, and carry a certain appeal to older adults. Augmenting such interventions with a focus on attachment experiences may reduce perceived stress, an important health risk factor. Wider application of AFIRs may further reduce health disparities among US older adults.
  • health disparities,
  • integrative reminiscence,
  • attachment,
  • perceived stress,
  • depression,
  • African American older adults
Publication Date
March 26, 2015
Publisher Statement
This is the metadata for an article published by Taylor & Francis in Aging & Mental Health Journal on March 2015, available online:
Citation Information
Sabir, M., Henderson, C., Kang, S. Y., & Pillemer, K. (2016). Attachment-focused integrative reminiscence with older African-Americans: A randomized controlled intervention study. Aging and Mental Health, 20(5), 517-528. doi:10.1080/13607863.2015.1023764