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International aid and cyclone shelters in Bangladesh: adaptation or maladaptation?
Contemporary South Asia (2014)
  • Subas P Dhakal
This paper examines the unintended prospect of international aid-driven maladaptation
in Bangladesh. While attempts by aid agencies to channel scarce resources to finance
structural adaptation measures are commendable, complementary non-structural
measures remain under the radar. Using an exploratory research approach this paper
investigates the state of cyclone shelters in two coastal districts: Chittagong and
Cox’s Bazar. The findings indicate that the lack of adequate shelter capacity,
maintenance funding, and community participation has exacerbated the vulnerability
of Chittagong’s marginalised urban population. The paper contends that international
aid can avoid being maladaptive by accentuating community-based governance and
facilitating community capacity to fund the maintenance of cyclone shelters in new
  • international aid; natural disasters; resilience; social capital; urban vulnerability
Publication Date
Citation Information
Subas P Dhakal. "International aid and cyclone shelters in Bangladesh: adaptation or maladaptation?" Contemporary South Asia Vol. 22 Iss. 3 (2014) p. 290
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