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Ocean viruses and their effects on microbial communities and biogeochemical cycles
F1000 Biology Reports (2012)
  • Joshua S Weitz
  • Steven W Wilhelm, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Abstract

Viruses are the most abundant life forms on Earth, with an estimated 10^31 total viruses globally. The majority of these viruses infect microbes, whether bacteria, archaea or microeukaryotes. Given the importance of microbes in driving global biogeochemical cycles, it would seem, based on numerical abundances alone, that viruses also play an important role in the global cycling of carbon and nutrients. However, the importance of viruses in controlling host populations and ecosystem functions, such as the regeneration, storage and export of carbon and other nutrients, remains unresolved. Here, we report on advances in the study of ecological effects of viruses of microbes. In doing so, we focus on an area of increasing importance: the role that ocean viruses play in shaping microbial population sizes as well as in regenerating carbon and other nutrients.

Keywords
  • viruses,
  • biogeochemical cycles
Publication Date
2012
Citation Information
Joshua S Weitz and Steven W Wilhelm. "Ocean viruses and their effects on microbial communities and biogeochemical cycles" F1000 Biology Reports Vol. 4 Iss. 17 (2012)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/steven_wilhelm/25/