Skip to main content
Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms: Chapter 20: Analytical Methods Workgroup Report
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Papers
  • Armah de la Cruz
  • Parke Rublee
  • James Hungerford
  • Paul Zimba
  • Steven Wilhelm
  • Jussi Meriluoto
  • Kathy Echols
  • Michael Meyer
  • Gerard Stelma
  • Rosemonde Mandeville
  • Linda Lawton
  • Kaarina Sivonen
  • Ambrose Furey
Date of this Version
Published in Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms: State of the Science and Research Needs, ed. H. Kenneth Hudnell (Springer, 2008).
The topic of exposure assessment overlaps with other topic areas of this workshop. It includes considerations of establishment of long term monitoring and event response, sampling protocols, development and standardization of organism and toxin assays, funding mechanisms, and public outreach. The development of a coordinated infrastructure (funding, human resources, and facilities, materials and equipment) is key to successfully addressing the threat posed by CHABs. The establishment of validated standardized protocols to detect cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins is of considerable importance given the increased occurrence of CHABs worldwide. Standardized methods are needed for studies assessing occurrence, monitoring and toxicity studies which are essential aspects of risk assessment and management and the development of guidance and regulation.
Citation Information
Armah de la Cruz, Parke Rublee, James Hungerford, Paul Zimba, et al.. "Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms: Chapter 20: Analytical Methods Workgroup Report" (2008)
Available at: