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Article
Importance of cattle biodiversity and its influence on the nutrient composition of beef
Animal Frontiers
  • Kimberly K. Barnes, Iowa State University
  • Trisha A. Collins, Iowa State University
  • Sandra Dion, Iowa State University
  • Heidi Reynolds, Iowa State University
  • Samantha M. Riess, Iowa State University
  • Andrew Stanzyk, Iowa State University
  • Anna Wolfe, Iowa State University
  • Steven M. Lonergan, Iowa State University
  • Paul Boettcher, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • U. R. Charrondiere, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Barbara Stadlmayr, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
9-1-2012
DOI
10.2527/af.2012-0062
Abstract
Livestock make a substantial contribution to achieving food and nutrition security due to various factors including the high nutritional quality of animal-source foods. Conservation and sustainable use of cattle genetic resources are important due to the multiple benefits provided by local breeds. These benefits include multiple direct uses, additional market value provided by specialty products, social and cultural roles, and adaptations that local breeds have to climate and diseases in harsh environments. Meat composition varies across cattle breeds. Whereas genetics play a role in this variation, management practices, such as diet, and other environmental factors also affect nutrient composition. Compositional data for cattle breeds have been added to the FAO/INFOODS Food Composition Database for Biodiversity. The database is publicly available and has value for use by researchers, nutritionists, producers, the general public and other stakeholders. More compositional data, including amino acids, minerals, and vitamins, are needed from local breeds in order to understand better the nutritional benefits of sustainably managing animal genetic resources.
Comments

This article is from Animal Frontiers 2 (2012): 54–60, doi:10.2527/af.2012-0062.

Copyright Owner
Barnes, Collins, Dion, Reynolds, Riess, Stanzyk, Wofle, Lonergan, Boettcher, Charrondiere and Stadlmayr
Language
en
Date Available
2014-02-24
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Kimberly K. Barnes, Trisha A. Collins, Sandra Dion, Heidi Reynolds, et al.. "Importance of cattle biodiversity and its influence on the nutrient composition of beef" Animal Frontiers Vol. 2 Iss. 4 (2012) p. 54 - 60
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/steven_lonergan/95/