Sclerotinia sclerotiorum D-E7 was studied to determine the impact of nutritional supplements and monosaccharides on growth, oxalate accumulation, and culture pH in broth media (initial pH c. 5). Cultures with 0.1% nutritional supplement (tryptone, yeast extract, or soytone) yielded minimal growth, 2–3 mM oxalate, and a final culture pH of 4.2–4.8. In contrast, cultures with 0.1% nutritional supplement and 25 mM glucose yielded significant growth, minimal oxalate (<1 mM), and a final culture pH of 2.8–3.7. Similar trends were observed when glucose in 0.1% soytone cultures was replaced with 25 mM d-mannose, l-arabinose, or d-xylose. With 1% soytone-25 mM glucose cultures, growth and oxalate accumulation (∼21 mM) occurred with little change in initial pH. This was not the case with 1% soytone-250 mM glucose cultures; increased glucose levels resulted in a decrease in oxalate accumulation (∼7 mM) and in final culture pH (3.4). Time-course studies with these cultures revealed that oxalate accumulation was suppressed during growth when the culture pH dropped to <4. Overall, these results indicate that (1) the decrease in external pH (i.e. acidification) was independent of oxalate accumulation and (2) acidification coupled to glucose-dependent growth regulated oxalate accumulation by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum.
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