The geometries of the following carbamate-containing molecules have been optimized at the ab initio SCF level using the MINI-1, 3-21G, and 6-31G* basis sets: carbamic acid, methylcarbamate, ethylcarbamate, N-methyl methylcarbamate, N,N-dimethyl methylcarbamate, N-vinyl methyl-carbamate and N-phenyl methylcarbamate. The latter two basis sets yield geometries in best agreement with experimental data. Calculated energy barriers for rotation about the C-N bond become progressively higher as the basis set is enlarged; electron correlation leads to a modest reduction. At the MP2/6-31G*//6-31G* level, the barriers lie in the range of 80–90 kJ mol−1. Alkyl substitution on either end of the carbamate group increases the +C=O− charge separation. N-substitution reduces the electron density on the nitrogen whereas the negative charge of this atom is increased by esterification of carbamic acid.
- carbamic acid,