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Article
Effects of Substituents upon the P∙∙∙N Noncovalent Interaction: The Limits of Its Strength
J. Phys. Chem.
  • Steve Scheiner, Utah State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2011
DOI
10.1021/jp203964b
Abstract

Previous work has documented the ability of the P atom to form a direct attractive noncovalent interaction with a N atom, based in large measure on the charge transfer from the N lone pair into the σ* antibonding orbital of the P–H that is turned away from the N atom. As the systems studied to date include only hydrides, the present work considers how substituents affect the interaction and examines whether P···N might compete with other attractive forces such as H-bonds. It is found that the addition of electron-withdrawing substituents greatly strengthens the P···N interaction to the point where it exceeds that of the majority of H-bonds. The highest interaction energy occurs in the FH2P···N(CH3)3 complex, amounting to 11 kcal/mol. A breakdown of the individual forces involved attributes the stability of the interaction to approximately equal parts electrostatic and induction energy, with a smaller contribution from dispersion.

Citation Information
Effects of Substituents upon the P∙∙∙N Noncovalent Interaction: The Limits of Its Strength S. Scheiner J. Phys. Chem. A 2011 115 11202-11209