This study evaluated receipt of HIV prevention services in correctional substance abuse treatment programs and examined their impact on short-term risk behaviors. The authors performed a secondary analysis of the National Treatment Improvement Evaluation Study (NTIES), a prospective cohort study conducted during 1993 to 1995. The sample included 1,223 adult non-HIV-positive inmates, enrolled in nine correctional substance abuse treatment programs. A composite index modeled after the validated Risk Assessment Battery measured HIV risk behavior at treatment entry and at 12-month follow-up. Overall, most inmates received HIV prevention services while in treatment. Controlling for potential confounders, HIV prevention services were significantly associated with reduced risk behavior among inmates who were out of custody at follow-up, but no such association was observed among those still in custody. This analysis suggests that HIV prevention services are beneficial in reducing risk behavior among incarcerated individuals whose discharge is expected in the near future.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/stephenie_lemon/9/