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Oral hypoglycemic agents in pregnancy
Obstetrical & gynecological survey
  • N. D. Tran
  • Stephen K. Hunter, University of Iowa
  • J. Yankowitz
Document Type
Peer Reviewed
Publication Date
NLM Title Abbreviation
Obstet Gynecol Survey
Pregnancies in diabetic women are associated with increased risk of spontaneous abortion, congenital malformations, preeclampsia, preterm labor, macrosomia, shoulder dystocia, and cesarean section. Advances in antepartum cares and strict adherence to dietary and insulin regimens have been shown to significantly reduce the rate of maternal morbidity as well as perinatal morbidity and mortality. Historically, reports of potential fetal teratogenicity and hypoglycemic effects on the fetus contraindicated the use of oral hypoglycemic agents in pregnancies complicated with either type II diabetes mellitus (DM) or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Recently, physicians increasingly prescribe newer generations of oral hypoglycemic agents to treat GDM and type II DM to pregnant patients. This review addresses the safety, current recommendations, and controversies surrounding use of the available oral hypoglycemic agents during pregnancy. TARGET AUDIENCE: Obstetricians & Gynecologists, Family Physicians LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After completion of this article, the reader should be able to describe the mechanisms of actions of the various oral hypoglycemic agents, to list the known side effects of these agents, and to summarize the data on the use of these agents during pregnancy.
  • Diabetes Mellitus,
  • Gestational -- Drug Therapy,
  • Diabetes Mellitus,
  • Type 2 -- Drug Therapy,
  • Hypoglycemic Agents -- Adverse Effects,
  • Hypoglycemic Agents -- Therapeutic Use,
  • Pregnancy Complications -- Risk Factors,
  • Clinical Trials,
  • Diabetes Mellitus,
  • Gestational -- Complications,
  • Diabetes Mellitus,
  • Type 2 -- Complications,
  • Education,
  • Continuing (Credit),
  • Female,
  • Hypoglycemic Agents -- Administration and Dosage,
  • Pregnancy,
  • Retrospective Design
Published Article/Book Citation
Obstetrical & gynecological survey, 59:6 (2004) pp.456
Citation Information
N. D. Tran, Stephen K. Hunter and J. Yankowitz. "Oral hypoglycemic agents in pregnancy" Obstetrical & gynecological survey Vol. 59 Iss. 6 (2004) p. 456 ISSN: 0029-7828
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