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Residential Community Associations and the American Intergovernmental System
Publius: Th e Journal of Federalism (1997)
  • Brett W. Hawkins, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
  • Stephen L. Percy, University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
  • Steven R. Montreal, Concordia University, Mequon Wisconsin
Despite their growth and functional similarity to census-listed governments, residential community associations (RCAs) represent a little-researched feature of American federalism. This study employs survey data from a national sample of RCAs to examine how these organizations relate to other parts of local government systems. The findings underscore the similarity of RCAs to local government with regard to service provision, intergovernmental contracting, and lobbying with other units. Multivariate analysis shows that where RCAs are overlapped by other local units, including other RCAs, they engage in more government-like actions. The article also seeks to stimulate further research on RCAs by reflecting on measurement issues and the federalism implications of the study's findings.
Publication Date
Summer 1997
Citation Information
Hawkins, B, Percy, S. and Montreal, S. (1997). "Residential Community Associations and the American Intergovernmental System," Publius: The Journal of Federalism, Volume 27, No. 3 (Summer), 1997, 61-74.