This research examined whether self-verification acts as a general mediational process of self-fulfilling prophecies. The authors tested this hypothesis by examining whether self-verification processes mediated self-fulfilling prophecy effects within a different context and with a different belief and a different outcome than has been used in prior research. Results of longitudinal data obtained from mothers and their adolescents (N = 332) indicated that mothers’ beliefs about their adolescents’ educational outcomes had a significant indirect effect on adolescents’ academic attainment through adolescents’ educational aspirations. This effect, observed over a 6-year span, provided evidence that mothers’ self-fulfilling effects occurred, in part, because mothers’ false beliefs influenced their adolescents’ own educational aspirations, which adolescents then self-verified through their educational attainment. The theoretical and applied implications of these findings are discussed.
Self-Verification as a Mediator of Mothers’ Self-Fulfilling Effects on Adolescents' Educational AttainmentPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)10.1177/0146167211399777
Citation InformationScherr, K. C., Madon, S., Guyll, M., Willard, J., & Spoth, R. (2011). Self-verification as a mediator of mothers’ self-fulfilling effects on adolescents’ educational attainment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(5), 587-600. doi:10.1177/0146167211399777