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福利国家转变的数量维度 : 21个OECD国家的宏观统计改革轨迹 (1980-2001年)
公共行政评论 = Journal of Public Administration
  • Stefan KÜHNER, University of York, United Kingdom
  • Jingdong ZHENG, Sun Yat-Sen University, China
Document Type
Journal article
Publication Date
  • 福利国家,
  • 福利国家消解,
  • 福利反弹,
  • OECD国家,
  • 去商品化,
  • Welfare State,
  • Welfare State Retrenchment,
  • Welfare Resilience,
  • OECD Countries,
  • Decommodification


This paper discusses the different welfare reform trajectories in 21 OECD countries between 1980 and 2001. To account for the multidimensional character of "welfare state change", it explores the dynamics of numerous macro-statistical indicators in three domains: social security expenditure, decommodification/stratification and welfare outcomes-using a total of 12 different indicators (four for each domain). The individual findings for these domains are integrated into an index of "welfare state change". The empirical findings suggest that notion of broad welfare state retrenchment across the OECD in the last two decades of the 20th century are somewhat overstated. The same is-however-true for the "welfare resilience" thesis. While some countries were indeed retrenched in the course of the observed period of times, others remained stable, while some expanded welfare noticeably. Interestingly, Esping-Andersen’s (1990) welfare state regimes types do not provide a sufficient explanation of these different reform trajectories.

Chinese (Simplified)
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Additional Information
此文的部分内容曾于2007年5月18日陈述于第一届中欧公共行政国际会议 (The 1st Sino-European International Conference in Public Adminstration),中国人民大学,北京。
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Citation Information
Kühner, S.、郑静东 (译) (2008)。福利国家转变的数量维度 : 21个OECD国家的宏观统计改革轨迹 (1980-2001年)。《公共行政评论 = Journal of Public Administration》,(4),31-57、197-198。