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Article
Open Access: relevance to national agricultural research system
Agribioinformatics (2009)
  • Sridhar Gutam, Indian Agricultural Research Institute
  • Chandrasekharan H
  • Devakumar C
Abstract
According to the Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) Policy brief published by National Center for Agricultural Economics and Policy (NCAP) in 2008, India ranks fourth in terms of total investments in public agricultural R&D in the world following United States, Japan, and China. The agricultural R&D generates a lot of research data, which is distributed by the scholars to the world by publishing in peer-reviewed journals, in order to establish their own claim and for peer recognition. This data is assimilated and interpreted propelling new research to generate new knowledge and new data. Thus this is a cyclic process, which is facilitated by peer-reviewed journals published by various scholarly societies in the NARS system. There are more than 100 journals, which are being published by various scientific societies formed to promote and advance the interest of their academic disciplines. These societies are non-profit organizations and registered under the Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860. They hold regular conferences for the presentation and discussion of new research results and publish or sponsor peer-reviewed academic journals in their discipline. Some of these societies are very old such as Indian Society of Agricultural Statistics and Horticultural Society of India which were formed way back in 1947. However, these societies publish their journals as traditional print only mode, so these are apparently less visible to the world. These journals lag time between the submission and publication and are only available upon subscription or as complimentary copy to the society’s members. Now with the latest web 2.0 technologies, there is a possibility for the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature via internet completely free and with unrestricted access so that all the scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds could be benefited. Removing the access barriers to this scholarly literature can accelerate research, which would throw light to enrich the education. However, for various reasons, there are limitations for online, free and unrestricted availability. Therefore, professional societies should react quickly, embrace the open source technologies and internet as much as possible and remove all the restrictions and barriers for the wide distribution of the journals online thereby making possible the peer reviewed literature immediately accessible, searchable, and reusable to anyone in the world which is called ‘Open Access’ (OA).
Keywords
  • Open Access
Publication Date
2009
Citation Information
Sridhar Gutam, Chandrasekharan H and Devakumar C. "Open Access: relevance to national agricultural research system" Agribioinformatics Vol. 2 Iss. 3&4 (2009)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/sridhar_gutam/6/