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Contribution to Book
Intellectual Property Rights for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India
Intellectual Property Rights in Horticulture (2008)
  • Satyabrata Maiti
  • Dr Sridhar Gutam, ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, India
  • Geetha K A
Abstract
Medicinal plants are those plants that provide medicines - to prevent disease, maintain health or cure sickness. In one or other form, these plants benefit virtually everyone on the Earth. These plants are also related to various other usages, such as for nutrition, toiletry, bodily care, incense and ritual healing. Aromatic plants are used for their aroma and flavour and many times these two groups become inseparable in terms of usages. In recent years a great demand of aromatic plants has increased because of increasing interest in aromatherapy. The use of plants for medicines is by far the biggest use of plants in term of the number of species specifically targeted. Plants provide the predominant ingredients of medicines in most traditional systems of healing and have been the source of inspiration for several new drug search to major pharmaceutical companies. There are three kinds of herbal medicines available in the market: raw medicinal plants material, processed medicinal plants material and medicinal plants herbal products. India has a long history and tradition as well as rich heritage of using medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) for health care and beauty in improving the quality of life. India is also fortunate, perhaps, to have the richest reservoir of traditional herbal medicinal plants and prescriptions. The Indian systems of medicines comprise of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani are having their deep roots in our society. Ayurveda is about 5000 years old and predominantly use medicinal plants for their preparation and formulations. Modern pharmacopeia also enlisted about 25% of drugs derived from plants. A vast majority of modern drugs although synthetic analogues but built on prototype compounds isolated from plants. The present era is witnessing a fascinating rejuvenation in the traditional system of medicine (Task force report of Planning Commission, 2000).
Keywords
  • Medicinal Plants,
  • Aromatic Plants,
  • IPRs,
  • Patents
Publication Date
2008
Editor
S Kannaiyan; V A Parthasarathy; D Prasath
Publisher
Associated Publishing Company
ISBN
8185211752
Citation Information
Satyabrata Maiti, Sridhar Gutam and Geetha K A. "Intellectual Property Rights for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India" New DelhiIntellectual Property Rights in Horticulture (2008)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/sridhar_gutam/56/