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Psychological capital among university students : relationships with study engagement and intrinsic motivation
Journal of Happiness Studies (2014)
  • Oi Ling SIU
  • Arnold B. BAKKER
  • Xinhui JIANG

This paper reports two studies: Study 1 aimed to evaluate respective modified versions of existing scales of psychological capital (PsyCap) and study engagement (SE), and to test the reciprocal relationship between PsyCap and SE; Study 2 aimed to test intrinsic motivation as a mediator between PsyCap and SE. A two-wave cross-lagged design was adopted in Study 1 with a matched sample of 103 students, with 4 months apart. With confirmatory factor analyses, the results supported the construct validity of a higher-order model of PsyCap (PsyCap overall) and of study engagement comprising dedication, absorption and vigor. Further, the reciprocal relationship between PsyCap and SE was demonstrated. Results of Study 2 among 100 university students showed that intrinsic motivation measured at time 2 was a significant mediator between time 1 PsyCap and time 2 SE.

  • Cross-lagged analysis,
  • Psychological capital,
  • Study engagement,
  • Intrinsic motivation
Publication Date
August 1, 2014
Publisher Statement

Copyright © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

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Citation Information
Siu, O. L., Bakker, A. B., & Jiang, X. (2014). Psychological capital among university students: Relationships with study engagement and intrinsic motivation. Journal of Happiness Studies, 15(4), 979-994. doi: 10.1007/s10902-013-9459-2