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Antecedents and outcomes of a fourfold taxonomy of work-family balance in Chinese employed parents
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
  • Jiafang LU, Lingnan University, Hong Kong
  • Oi Ling SIU, Lingnan University, Hong Kong
  • Paul E. SPECTOR, University of South Florida
  • Kan SHI, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Document Type
Journal article
Publication Date
American Psychological Association

The study provided validity evidence for a fourfold taxonomy of work-family balance that comprises direction of influence (work to family vs. family to work) and types of effect (work-family conflict vs. work-family facilitation). Data were collected from 189 employed parents in China. The results obtained from a confirmatory factor analysis supported the factorial validity of the fourfold taxonomy of work-family balance with a Chinese sample. Child care responsibilities, working hours, monthly salary, and organizational family-friendly policy were positively related to the conflict component of work-family balance; whereas new parental experience, spouse support, family-friendly supervisors and coworkers had significant positive effects on the facilitation component of work-family balance. In comparison with the inconsistent effects of work-family conflict, work to family facilitation had consistent positive effects on work and life attitudes. The implications of findings in relation to China and other countries are discussed in the paper.

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Citation Information
Lu, J.-F., Siu, O.-L., Spector, P. E., & Shi, K. (2009). Antecedents and outcomes of a fourfold taxonomy of work-family balance in Chinese employed parents. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 14(2), 182-192. doi: 10.1037/a0014115