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An international study of the psychometric properties of the Hofstede Values Survey Module 1994 : a comparison of individual and country/province level results
Applied Psychology: An International Review
  • Paul E. SPECTOR, University of South Florida
  • Cary L. COOPER, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology
  • Kate SPARKS, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology
  • Peggy BERNIN, National Institute for Psychosocial Factors and Health
  • André BÜSSING, Technical University of MuÈnchen
  • Phil DEWE, Massey University
  • Luo LU, Kaohsiung Medical University
  • Karen MILLER, University of Witwatersrand
  • Lucio Renault DE MORAES, Federal University of Minas Gerais
  • Michael O'DRISCOLL, University of Waikato, New Zealand
  • Milan PAGON, College of Police and Security Studies
  • Horia PITARIU, Babes-Bolyai University
  • Steven POELMANS, University of Navarra
  • Phani RADHAKRISHNAN, University of Texas El Paso
  • Vesselina RUSSINOVA, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
  • Vladimir SALAMATOV, Ukrainian Academy of Public Administration
  • Jesus SALGADO, University of Santiago
  • Juan I. SANCHEZ, Florida International University
  • Satoru SHIMA, Tokyo Keizai University
  • Oi Ling SIU, Lingnan University, Hong Kong
  • Jean Benjamin STORA, Hautes Etudes Commerciales Groupe
  • Mare TEICHMANN, Tallinn Technical University
  • Tores THEORELL, National Institute for Psychosocial Factors and Health
  • Peter VLERICK, University of Ghent
  • Mina WESTMAN, Tel Aviv University
  • Maria WIDERSZAL-BAZYL, CentralInstitute for Labour Protection
  • Paul WONG, Trinity Western University
  • Shanfa YU, Henan Institute of Occupational Medicine
Document Type
Journal article
Publication Date
12-1-2001
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Abstract

Hofstede’s Values Survey Module has been the basis for much cross-cultural and cross-national research in the workplace, but little information about its psychometric properties has been available. This study provides internal consistency (coefficient alpha) statistics from samples representing 23 nations/provinces. Across both English and translated versions, internal consistencies tended to be poor, and in the majority of cases failed to achieve even a liberal criterion of 0.60. Even when data were aggregated by sample coefficient alphas were poor for all but long-term orientation. At the participant level, long-term orientation and individualism had marginal internal consistencies, whereas power distance, masculinity, and uncertainty avoidance subscales had inadequate internal consistencies. A replication of Hofstede’s ecological factor analysis failed to support the five subscales. It is suggested that the construct validity of these scales is suspect, and that they should be used with caution.

DOI
10.1111/1464-0597.00058
Language
English
E-ISSN
14640597
Publisher Statement

Copyright © International Association for Applied Psychology, 2001

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Citation Information
Spector, P. E., Cooper, C. L., Sparks, K., Bernin, P., Bussing, A., Dewe, P,...Yu, S. (2001). An international study of the psychometric properties of the Hofstede Values Survey Module 1994: A comparison of individual and country/province level results. Applied Psychology, 50(2), 269-281. doi: 10.1111/1464-0597.00058