Skip to main content
Validation of the Job Demands-Resources model in cross-national samples : cross-sectional and longitudinal predictions of psychological strain and work engagement
Human Relations (2013)
  • Paula BROUGH
  • Carolyn TIMMS, James Cook University, Australia
  • Oi Ling SIU, Lingnan University, Hong Kong
  • Thomas KALLIATH
  • Michael P O'DRISCOLL, University of Waikato, New Zealand
  • Cindy HP SIT, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
  • Danny LO
  • Chang-qin LU

The Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model proposes that employee health and performance are dependent upon direct and interacting perceptions of job demands and job resources. The JD-R model has been tested primarily with small, crosssectional, European samples. The current research extends scholarly discussions by evaluating the full JD-R model for the prediction of psychological strain and work engagement, within a longitudinal research design with samples of Australian and Chinese employees (N = 9404). Job resources (supervisor support and colleague support) accounted for substantial variance, supporting the motivational hypothesis of the JD-R model. However, minimal evidence was found for the strain hypothesis of the JD-R model. The interactions of job demands and job resources were not evident, with only one from 16 interaction tests demonstrating significance. We discuss explanations for our findings. The implications of testing western-derived organizational behavior theories among employees employed in Asian regions, especially in regard to the increasing ‘westernization’ of many Asian organizations and their employees, are also discussed.

  • colleague support,
  • Job Demands-Resources,
  • psychological strain,
  • supervisor support,
  • work engagement
Publication Date
Publisher Statement
‘The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in Human Relations, Vol 66 / Issue 10, 2013 by SAGE Publications Ltd, All rights reserved. ©
Citation Information
Brough, P., Timms, C., Siu, O.-l., Kalliath, T., O'Driscoll, M. P., Sit, C. H. P., ... Lu, C.-q. (2013). Validation of the Job Demands Resources model in cross-national samples: Cross-sectional and longitudinal predictions of psychological strain and work engagement. Human Relations, 66(10), 1311-1335. doi: 10.1177/0018726712472915