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Article
The comparison of Iranian urban, suburban and rural areas’ performance in Self-concept, Self-efficacy, Selfesteem and Anxiety
Journal of American Science (2012)
  • Siti Aishah Hassan, Ph.D., Universiti Putra Malaysia
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to find the comparison of urban, suburban and rural students’ performance in students’ psychological factors; general self-concept, science self-concept, self-efficacy, science self-efficacy, selfesteem, anxiety, and science anxiety among guidance school students. The participants in the study were 680 guidance school students, (317 male and 363 female, in the age 14 years old) at Tehran and Shahriar City, the province of Tehran, Iran. The research design was an ex-post facto and tested the alternative hypotheses. Five valid and reliable instruments were used to assess Self-concept Attribute Attitude Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, General Self-Efficacy, and Science Self-Efficacy Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, and MANOVA, were used to analyze the data. The result demonstrated that, there is significant difference between groups in science self-efficacy only (p<0.001) and there is no significant difference between the other variables (p>0.05).
Keywords
  • self-concept,
  • self-efficacy,
  • self-esteem,
  • anxiety,
  • geographical location.
Publication Date
2012
Citation Information
Siti Aishah Hassan. "The comparison of Iranian urban, suburban and rural areas’ performance in Self-concept, Self-efficacy, Selfesteem and Anxiety" Journal of American Science Vol. 8 Iss. 3 (2012)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/siti_hassan/17/