The restoration and creation of freshwater and estuarine wetlands are important practices designed to increase wetland acreage and mitigate for the extensive losses of wetland area all over the world. Wetland restoration, defined as the reestablishment of wetlands where they once existed, and wetland creation, where entirely new wetlands are established in upland locations, require an understanding of hydrology, soils and landscape setting to foster the development of native biotic communities, including vegetation, invertebrates and amphibians. Restoration projects may take decades to fully develop; success may be measured by comparison of key indicators with natural wetlands.
Restoration and Creation of Freshwater and Estuarine WetlandsEncyclopedia of Life Sciences.
Citation InformationFennessy, M S. and E. R. Herbert 2008. Restoration and Creation of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands. In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.