Comparative Analyses of Stressors Experienced by Rural Low-Income Pregnant Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence and Those Who Are NotJournal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To describe the daily lives of rural pregnant women who smoked during pregnancy, with a focus on their sources of stress and the compounding effects of intimate partner violence (IPV). DESIGN: A qualitative study using content analysis of research nurse’s telephone logs from a large smoking cessation randomized controlled trial (N = 695) in which 33% of the sample (n = 227) experienced IPV in the past year. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty pregnant women, 25 who had experienced IPV in the past year and 25 who had never experienced IPV, were randomly selected from those who received a nurse-delivered telephone intervention for smoking cessation (n = 345). The mean age of the sample was 22 years, and the majority were White and living in a married-like relationship. RESULTS: Women experiencing IPV discussed certain stressors significantly more often than non-abused women. These stressors included finances, lack of social support, legal issues, transportation issues, and abuse by the intimate partner and others. CONCLUSION: Health care providers need to recognize that intimate partner violence creates a stress which can compound the stressors of pregnancy and poverty in rural areas. Offering these women a chance to talk about their lives can help them not only to locate necessary resources, but also to break down the barriers of isolation.
Citation InformationShreya Bhandari, Alison Levitch, Kathleen K. Ellis, Katharine Ball, et al.. "Comparative Analyses of Stressors Experienced by Rural Low-Income Pregnant Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence and Those Who Are Not" Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing Vol. 37 Iss. 4 (2008) p. 492 - 501 ISSN: 1552-6909
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/shreya_bhandari/18/