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Article
Comparative Analyses of Stressors Experienced by Rural Low-Income Pregnant Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence and Those Who Are Not
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
  • Shreya Bhandari, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Alison Levitch
  • Kathleen K. Ellis
  • Katharine Ball
  • Kevin D. Everett
  • Elizabeth Geden
  • Linda F. C. Bullock
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2008
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To describe the daily lives of rural pregnant women who smoked during pregnancy, with a focus on their sources of stress and the compounding effects of intimate partner violence (IPV). DESIGN: A qualitative study using content analysis of research nurse’s telephone logs from a large smoking cessation randomized controlled trial (N = 695) in which 33% of the sample (n = 227) experienced IPV in the past year. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty pregnant women, 25 who had experienced IPV in the past year and 25 who had never experienced IPV, were randomly selected from those who received a nurse-delivered telephone intervention for smoking cessation (n = 345). The mean age of the sample was 22 years, and the majority were White and living in a married-like relationship. RESULTS: Women experiencing IPV discussed certain stressors significantly more often than non-abused women. These stressors included finances, lack of social support, legal issues, transportation issues, and abuse by the intimate partner and others. CONCLUSION: Health care providers need to recognize that intimate partner violence creates a stress which can compound the stressors of pregnancy and poverty in rural areas. Offering these women a chance to talk about their lives can help them not only to locate necessary resources, but also to break down the barriers of isolation.
DOI
10.1111/j.1552-6909.2008.00266.x
Citation Information
Shreya Bhandari, Alison Levitch, Kathleen K. Ellis, Katharine Ball, et al.. "Comparative Analyses of Stressors Experienced by Rural Low-Income Pregnant Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence and Those Who Are Not" Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing Vol. 37 Iss. 4 (2008) p. 492 - 501 ISSN: 1552-6909
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/shreya_bhandari/18/