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Article
The muscle appearance satisfaction scale: a factorial analysis of validity and reliability for its use on adult Chinese male weightlifters
Body Image
  • Xinhong Jin, Tianjin University of Sport
  • Yahong Jin, Tianjin University of Sport
  • Shi Zhou, Southern Cross University
  • Xinhao Li, Tianjin University of Sport
  • Shun-nan Yang, Pacific University
  • Donglin Yang, Tianjin University of Sport
  • Johanna Elizabeth Nieuwoudt, Southern Cross University
  • Jiaxin Yao, Tianjin University of Sport
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2015
Peer Reviewed
Peer-Reviewed
Abstract

Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is the distorted perception of men’s own muscle appearance. The increasingpopularity of weightlifting in Chinese men suggests the presence of MD. The study assessed the validityand reliability of the Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale (MASS) for its use on adult Chinese males.Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of responses from 225 and 592 participants confirmed thesame five factors for the 17-item Chinese version as the original MASS (CFI = .931, RMSEA = .052). Theinternal consistency for all factors were acceptable (Cronbach ˛ = .636 to .737). Correlation levels of itssubscales with converging measurements indicated that the revised MASS is effective in assessing MD inChinese male weightlifters. Differences in the importance of the factors suggest an influence of Chineseculture in the symptoms of MD and the need of assessing the MASS with populations from distinctdemographics in China and from different cultures.

Citation Information

Xinhong, J, Yanhong, J, Zhou, S, Xinhao, L, Shun-nan, Y, Donglin, Y, Nieuwoudt, JE & Jiaxin, Y 2015, 'The muscle appearance satisfaction scale: a factorial analysis of validity and reliability for its use on adult Chinese male weightlifters', Body Image, vol. 14, pp. 94-101.

Published version available from:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.04.004