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Article
Association of depressive symptoms and lifestyle behaviors among Latinos at risk of type 2 diabetes
Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations
  • Sherry L. Pagoto, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Yunsheng Ma, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Jamie S. Bodenlos, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Barbara C. Olendzki, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Milagros C. Rosal, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Trinidad Tellez, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Philip A. Merriam, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Ira S. Ockene, University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine; Clinical and Population Health Research Program; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Date
6-30-2009
Document Type
Article
Subjects
Body Mass Index; Cross-Sectional Studies; Depression; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Diet; Exercise; Female; Hispanic Americans; Humans; Life Style; Linear Models; Logistic Models; Male; Massachusetts; Middle Aged; Prevalence; Psychometrics; Risk Factors
Abstract
Little is known about depression among Latinos at risk for type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine the rate of depression in Latinos at risk for type 2 diabetes and to examine the associations between depressive symptoms, diet, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI; calculated as kg/m(2)). Latinos at risk for type 2 diabetes (n=210) were surveyed from July 2007 to August 2008. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Three 24-hour recalls were used to assess diet and physical activity. Linear regression analyses were used to examine the association between depression, BMI, and lifestyle factors. The sample (78% female) was largely of Caribbean origin (83%) and mean age was 52 years (standard deviation [SD]=11 years). Mean BMI was 34.2 (SD=5.9) and 77% were obese. Average CES-D score was 16.3 (SD=11.3; range=0-45) and 50% had CES-D score > or =16, suggesting clinical depression. Higher CES-D scores were associated with lower diet quality (P<0.05), but were not associated with BMI or physical activity. Depression and lower dietary quality can contribute to risk for type 2 diabetes among Latinos.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 Jul;109(7):1246-50. Link to article on publisher's site
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
PubMed ID
19559144
Citation Information
Sherry L. Pagoto, Yunsheng Ma, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Barbara C. Olendzki, et al.. "Association of depressive symptoms and lifestyle behaviors among Latinos at risk of type 2 diabetes" Vol. 109 Iss. 7 (2009) ISSN: 0002-8223 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/sherry_pagoto/9/