The sunless study: a beach randomized trial of a skin cancer prevention intervention promoting sunless tanningPreventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations
UMMS AffiliationDepartment of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
SubjectsSunbathing; Skin Neoplasms; Suntan; Health Promotion; Cosmetics; Attitude to Health; Women; Intervention Studies
AbstractObjective: To examine the impact of a skin cancer prevention intervention that promoted sunless tanning as a substitute for sunbathing. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Public beaches in Massachusetts. Participants: Women (N = 250) were recruited to participate in the study during their visit to a public beach. Intervention: The intervention included motivational messages to use sunless tanning as an alternative to UV tanning, instructions for proper use of sunless tanning products, attractive images of women with sunless tans, a free trial of a sunless tanning product, skin cancer education, and UV imaging. The control participants completed surveys. Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome was sunbathing 2 months and 1 year after the intervention. Secondary outcomes included sunburns, sun protection use, and sunless tanning. Results: At 2 months, intervention participants reduced their sunbathing significantly more than did controls and reported significantly fewer sunburns and greater use of protective clothing. At 1 year, intervention participants reported significant decreases in sunbathing and increases in sunless tanning relative to control participants but no differences in the other outcomes. Conclusion: This intervention, which promoted sunless tanning as an alternative to UV tanning, had a short-term effect on sunbathing, sunburns, and use of protective clothing and a longer-term effect on sunbathing and sunless tanning. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00403377
Rights and PermissionsCitation: Arch Dermatol. 2010 Sep;146(9):979-84.
Related ResourcesLink to article in PubMed
Citation InformationSherry L. Pagoto, Kristin L. Schneider, Jessica Oleski, Jamie S. Bodenlos, et al.. "The sunless study: a beach randomized trial of a skin cancer prevention intervention promoting sunless tanning" Vol. 146 Iss. 9 (2010)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/sherry_pagoto/51/