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Article
High BMI and reduced engagement and enjoyment of pleasant events
Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations
  • Sherry L. Pagoto, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Bonnie Spring, University of Illinois at Chicago
  • Jessica W. Cook, University of Illinois at Chicago
  • Dennis McChargue, University of Illinois at Chicago
  • Kristin L. Schneider, University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Date
5-1-2006
Document Type
Article
Subjects
Body Mass Index; Behavior; Pleasure; Depression; Reinforcement (Psychology)
Abstract
While the link between obesity and reduced physical activity is well established, the relationship between obesity and engagement in a wide range of positively reinforcing behaviors has been studied very little. We hypothesized that higher body mass index (BMI) would be associated with diminished engagement in rewarding behavior, and that this relationship would be mediated by depressive symptomatology and/or subjective enjoyment of rewarding behavior. Participants (N = 290; 58% female) completed questionnaires about depression as well as frequency and subjective enjoyment of rewarding behaviors. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that BMI predicted lower rates of positive reinforcing behavior for females (p < .02) only. Women with higher BMI reported less engagement in rewarding behavior and their disengagement was mediated by a diminished subjective enjoyment of those behaviors (p < .001), but not depressive symptomatology. Obesity among women may be associated with reward deficiency, in which ordinary reinforcers lack potency to induce pleasure.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: Pagoto, S.L., Spring, B., Cook, J.W., McChargue, D., & Schneider, K. (2006). High BMI and reduced frequency and enjoyment of pleasant events. Personality and Individual Differences, 40(7), 1421-1431.
Citation Information
Sherry L. Pagoto, Bonnie Spring, Jessica W. Cook, Dennis McChargue, et al.. "High BMI and reduced engagement and enjoyment of pleasant events" Vol. 40 Iss. 7 (2006)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/sherry_pagoto/15/