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Isolation of Propinoibacterium acnes from a case of placentitis and abortion in a cow
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation (2009)
  • J A Lyons, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • David A Bemis, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Mary Jean Bryant, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Stephen A Kania, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • M Abd-Eldaim, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Shelley Newman, University of Tennessee - Knoxville

On the basis of the scarcity of reports in the veterinary literature, it appears that Propionibacterium spp. are rarely associated with disease or isolated from cattle tissues. Recently, Propionibacterium spp. has been associated with multifocal abscessation in cattle. This report describes a case of necrosuppurative placentitis and abortion in an adult Holstein cow. Numerous colonies of small, pleomorphic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria were observed within the fibrin lattice associated with placental lesions and within the fetal atelectatic lung. Propionibacterium acnes was isolated in high numbers from the placenta, fetal lung, and stomach contents. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of placentitis associated with propionibacteria in a cow.

  • Aborted Fetus,
  • Abortion,
  • Veterinary microbiology,
  • Abortion,
  • Veterinary pathology,
  • Animals,
  • Cattle,
  • Cattle Diseases microbiology,
  • Cattle Diseases pathology,
  • Female,
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections microbiology,
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections pathology,
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections veterinary,
  • Histocytochemistry veterinary,
  • Placenta Diseases microbiology,
  • Placenta Diseases pathology,
  • Placenta Diseases veterinary,
  • Pregnancy,
  • Propionibacterium acnes isolation & purification
Publication Date
Citation Information
J A Lyons, David A Bemis, Mary Jean Bryant, Stephen A Kania, et al.. "Isolation of Propinoibacterium acnes from a case of placentitis and abortion in a cow" Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation Vol. 21 Iss. 2 (2009)
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