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Hemoglobinuric nephrosis and hepatosplenic erythrophagocytosis in a dusky-headed conure (Aratinga weddelli) with suspected garlic (Allium sativum)-induced hemolytic anemia
Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery (2004)
  • L Wade
  • Shelley Newman
Abstract

A dusky-headed conure (Aratinga weddelli) with a history of being force fed a large amount of garlic (Allium sativum) was presented because of anorexia and lethargy. The conure died 1 hour after supportive care was administered. At necropsy, a half clove of garlic and several large pieces of chicken meat were present in the crop. Histopathologic findings of hemoglobinuric nephrosis and hepatosplenic erythrophagocytosis strongly suggested an acute hemolytic event. Frozen kidney and liver samples were negative for polyomavirus DNA, and tissue lead and zinc levels were normal. The clinical presentation and postmortem findings in this conure are similar to those in mammals with onion and garlic (Allium species) toxicosis.

Keywords
  • hemolytic anemia,
  • hemoglobinuric nephrosis,
  • hepatosplenic erythrophagocytosis,
  • garlic toxicosis,
  • Allium sativum,
  • avian,
  • dusky-headed conure,
  • Aratinga weddelli
Publication Date
2004
Citation Information
L Wade and Shelley Newman. "Hemoglobinuric nephrosis and hepatosplenic erythrophagocytosis in a dusky-headed conure (Aratinga weddelli) with suspected garlic (Allium sativum)-induced hemolytic anemia" Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery Vol. 18 (2004)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/shelley_newman/29/