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Improved Training for Disasters Using 3-D Virtual Reality Simulation
Western Journal of Nursing Research
  • Sharon Farra, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Elaine T. Miller
  • Nathan Timm
  • John C. Schafer
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of virtual reality simulation (VRS) on learning outcomes and retention of disaster training. The study used a longitudinal experimental design using two groups and repeated measures. A convenience sample of associate degree nursing students enrolled in a disaster course was randomized into two groups; both groups completed web-based modules; the treatment group also completed a virtually simulated disaster experience. Learning was measured using a 20-question multiple-choice knowledge assessment pre/post and at 2 months following training. Results were analyzed using the generalized linear model. Independent and paired t tests were used to examine the between- and within-participant differences. The main effect of the virtual simulation was strongly significant (p < .0001). The VRS effect demonstrated stability over time. In this preliminary examination, VRS is an instructional method that reinforces learning and improves learning retention.

Citation Information
Sharon Farra, Elaine T. Miller, Nathan Timm and John C. Schafer. "Improved Training for Disasters Using 3-D Virtual Reality Simulation" Western Journal of Nursing Research Vol. 35 Iss. 5 (2013) p. 655 - 671 ISSN: 01939459
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