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Decontamination Training: With and Without Virtual Reality Simulation
Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
  • Sharon L. Farra, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Sherrill Jeanne Smith, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Gordon L. Gillespie
  • Stephanie Nicely
  • Deborah Lee Ulrich, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Eric Hodgson
  • DeAnne French, Wright State University - Main Campus
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Nurses must be prepared to care for patients following a disaster, including patients exposed to hazardous contaminants. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of virtual reality simulation (VRS) to teach the disaster-specific skill of decontamination. A quasi-experimental design was used to assign nursing students from 2 baccalaureate nursing programs to 1 of 2 groups to learn the disaster skill of decontamination—printed written directions or VRS. Performance, knowledge, and self-efficacy were outcome measures. Although students in the treatment group had significantly lower performance scores than the control group (p = 0.004), students taking part in VRS completed the skill in a significantly shorter amount of time (p = 0.008). No significant group differences were found for self-efficacy (p = 0.172) or knowledge (p = 0.631). However, students in the VRS treatment group reported high levels of satisfaction with VRS as a training method. The disaster-specific skill of decontamination is a low-volume, high-risk skill that must be performed with accuracy to protect both exposed patients and providers performing decontamination. As frontline providers for casualties following a disaster event, emergency nurses must be prepared to perform this skill when needed. Preparation requires cost-effective, timely, and evidence-based educational opportunities that promote positive outcomes. Further investigation is needed to determine the benefits and long-term effects of VRS for disaster education.
Citation Information
Sharon L. Farra, Sherrill Jeanne Smith, Gordon L. Gillespie, Stephanie Nicely, et al.. "Decontamination Training: With and Without Virtual Reality Simulation" Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal Vol. 37 Iss. 2 (2015) p. 125 - 133 ISSN: 19314485
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