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Article
Juba’s “Black Face” / Lady Delacour’s “Mask”: Plotting Domesticity in Maria Edgeworth’s Belinda
The Eighteenth Century
  • Sharon Smith, South Dakota State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Version
Version of Record
Publication Date
4-1-2013
Keywords
  • Edgeworth,
  • Maria,
  • Belinda,
  • eighteenth-century British novel,
  • nineteenth-century British novel,
  • gender studies,
  • post-colonial studies,
  • public woman,
  • domesticity,
  • plotting,
  • slavery,
  • Obeah
Abstract

In Belinda (1801), Maria Edgeworth forges parallel subplots between Juba, a former African slave residing in England, and Lady Delacour, a wealthy and dissipated London socialite, both of whom undergo a process of domestication during the course of the novel. The connection Edgeworth creates between these characters allows her to explore a version of womanhood that promotes domesticity by negotiating the boundary between domestic and public life; at the same time, however, it reveals the anxieties surrounding this understanding of womanhood. Edgeworth’s novel configures Lady Delacour as a plotting woman who bridges the public/private divide, revealing domesticity to be as much a public construct as a private reality. The public representation of domesticity that Lady Delacour constructs at the end of the novel functions as a stimulant to and a channel for domestic sympathies and, in doing so, shapes private interactions in a positive way. In this way, Edgeworth acknowledges the positive potential inherent in the power Lady Delacour claims. However, by connecting Lady Delacour with the figure of the colonized other, whose domestication was frequently read as a performance that hid threatening, rebellious impulses, Edgeworth also identifies this power as a source of anxiety. In Belinda, Juba functions not as a distinct character, but as the racialized reflection of Lady Delacour’s public/private hybridity and the embodiment of the disruptive impulses that drive her considerable, though never total, resistance to the domesticating influence exerted by Belinda, the novel’s heroine. Even more than the process of assimilation, which the novel ultimately rejects as impossible and undesirable, it is this troubling configuration of character that threatens to bring about Juba’s erasure from the text.

Pages
20
Format
application/pdf
Language
en
DOI of Published Version
10.1353/ecy.2013.0002
Publisher
University of Pennsylvania Press
Rights
Copyright © 2013 UPenn Press. All rights reserved. Except for brief quotations used for purposes of scholarly citation, none of this work may be reproduced in any form by any means without written permission from the publisher. For information address the University of Pennsylvania Press, 3905 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4112.
Comments

This work was published in The Eighteenth Century (2013) 54:1. DOI: 10.1353/ecy.2013.0002
Posted with permission.

Citation Information
Sharon Smith. "Juba’s “Black Face” / Lady Delacour’s “Mask”: Plotting Domesticity in Maria Edgeworth’s Belinda" The Eighteenth Century Vol. 54 Iss. 1 (2013) p. 71 - 90
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/sharon-smith/1/