Space Missions to Detect the Cosmic Gravitational-Wave BackgroundClassical and Quantum Gravity
AbstractIt is thought that a stochastic background of gravitational waves was produced during the formation of the universe. A great deal could be learned by measuring this Cosmic Gravitational-wave Background (CGB), but detecting theCGB presents a signiﬁcant technological challenge. The signal strength is expected to be extremely weak, and there will be competition from unresolved astrophysical foregrounds such as white dwarf binaries. Our goal is to identify the most promising approach to detect the CGB. We study the sensitivities that can be reached using both individual, and cross-correlated pairs of space based interferometers. Our main result is a general, coordinate free formalism for calculating the detector response that applies to arbitrary detector conﬁgurations. We use this general formalism to identify somepromising designs for a GrAvitational Background Interferometer (GABI) mission.Our conclusion is that detecting the CGB is not out of reach.
Citation InformationN. J. Cornish and S. L. Larson, Classical and Quantum Gravity 18, 3473+ (2001), ISSN 0264-9381, URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/18/17/308.