The initial optimism that a democratic regional order would emerge as a consequence to the sweeping Arab Spring in Middle East and Africa has gradually faded away. The revolutionary, but generally peaceful and smooth, changeover from long autocracy of Mubarak was again quickly reversed by the Egyptian military and lately been been endorsed by the US and EU. The reaction from the Brotherhood, which had been a mainstream political party, was mixed. As the violence and terrorism take over the Egyptian political landscape, there is little hope that Egypt would return to normal. Military takeover in Egypt marks marks the end of Arab Spring along with the peaceful transition from despotism to democracy. The dream of democracy coming to Middle East is virtually dead making radical militants the biggest beneficiary of the military takeover and sectarian divide.
- Middle East,
- Muslim Brotherhood,
- Arab Spring,
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/shams_zaman/47/