Emergency Crowd Evacuation Modeling and Simulation Framework With Cellular Discrete Event SystemsSimulation (2016)
"First responders and security personnel face many challenges to safely evacuate crowded environments. Conducting frequent physical and table-top exercises are neither feasible nor economical. This is where modeling and simulation comes into play in providing a risk-free and economical method to practice various evacuation strategies, train first responders, and provide accurate decision-support and emergency guidance. With the aid of formal methods, here we present a suite of various egress strategies build on top of an open-source modeling and simulation environment. We use Cellular Discrete-Event System Specification (Cell-DEVS) formalism to explore emergency evacuation scenarios by building 12 egress models representing aspects of human behaviors under emergencies and the activities of authorities in guiding the crowd."--From the article.
- Crowd evacuation,
- egress simulation,
- emergency modeling
Publication DateJuly 7, 2016
Citation InformationShafagh Jafer and Ryan Lawler. "Emergency Crowd Evacuation Modeling and Simulation Framework With Cellular Discrete Event Systems" Simulation (2016) ISSN: 1741-3133
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/shafagh_jafer/5/