Vertebral fractures and wedging were observed in skeletal collections of Eskimos from Golovin Bay and Nunivak Island, Alaska. Vertebral body fractures were divided into several categories based on Urcid and Bird (1995) including compression, single end-plate depression without wedging, single end-plate depression with wedging, congenital or idiopathic wedging, and biconcave bodies with or without wedging. Frequencies for fractures based on sex and age were calculated, and an attempt is made to characterize the pattern of this condition in each collection for age, sex, and location in the vertebral column. There was no significant difference in frequencies of compression fractures among adults at Golovin Bay and Nunivak Island. However, when separated by sex, females at Golovin exhibited a significantly higher frequency than females at Nunivak. No difference was noted between males in the two populations. Non-compression related fractures were rare in both samples, with only four affected individuals from Golovin Bay and none observed from Nunivak Island.
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