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Agricultural Education Early Field Experience Through the Lens of the EFE Model
Journal of Agricultural Education
  • Scott Smalley, Iowa State University
  • Michael S. Retallick, Iowa State University
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The purpose of this national study was to describe agricultural teacher education early field experience (EFE) practices using the EFE model. The population for this study was all agricultural education teacher preparation programs (N = 83) listed in the AAAE Directory of University Faculty in Agricultural Education. Data were collected via an online survey sent to a single point of contact (i.e., the agricultural teacher education coordinator) at each institution. For this study, EFE was defined as all field experiences that occur prior to student teaching; the experiences could be offered within or outside of the agricultural education curriculum. Programs required a minimum number of contact hours and a minimum number of lessons to be taught while in the field. The most common forms of assessment were the university supervisor’s review of documents, cooperating teacher signatures, reflective writing, and student journaling. This study has implications for agricultural teacher education programs that are planning to evaluate or revamp their current EFE programs. Developing consistency across programs will provide a better experience for all students involved in agricultural education EFE.


This article is from Journal of Agricultural Education 53 (2012): 99, doi:10.5032/jae.2012.02099. Posted with permission.

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Journal of Agricultural Education
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Scott Smalley and Michael S. Retallick. "Agricultural Education Early Field Experience Through the Lens of the EFE Model" Journal of Agricultural Education Vol. 53 Iss. 2 (2012) p. 99 - 109
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